The SCI Indicators for Economy measure economic opportunity and equality. A secure livelihood, whether through employment or other means, is a fundamental human need and one of the strongest and most consistent predictors of health and disease in public health research. Material needs such as food, clothing, shelter, and leisure.
- Unemployment is associated with premature mortality, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, depression, and suicide.
- Sufficient income is needed for basic material needs such as food, clothing, transportation and shelter.
- Insufficient income is associated with premature death.
- Among the offspring of low‐wage workers, higher wages are associated with improved educational outcomes and a reduced risk of early childbirth.
Ec.1. Increase high-quality employment opportunities for local residents
Ec.1.a. Jobs paying at least self-sufficiency wage
Ec.1.b. Worker residents
Ec.1.c. Job density
Ec.1.d. Job openings and educational requirements
Ec.2. Increase jobs that provide healthy, safe and meaningful work
Ec.2.a. Health insurance coverage
Ec.2.b. Occupational non-fatal injury rates
Ec.2.c. Paid sick days
Ec.3. Increase equality in income and wealth
Ec.3.a. Income inequality
Ec.3.c. Bank or credit union access
Ec.3.d. Minority and women owned businesses
Ec.4. Protects and enhances natural resources and the environment
Ec.4.a. Green businesses